An Emergency Rudder for a Passport 40
- This is a collection of photos of the emergency rudder built for "Trial
Run," a Passport 40 belonging to Jack and Diane Bieda. This shows
just one of many ways to get the job done. It also shows an inexpensive way, in that most of what you see here, except
for some welding, is homemade. You are looking at "version 2," because version 1 broke on its first "sea
trial," which was really a "harbor trial!" That is why you need to try the emergency rudder before you go to sea with
The cassette into which you slide the emergency rudder. The cassette is simply a plywood box, open on the
top and bottom, "ported" for lightness(!), and reinforced with fiberglass. The rudder blade itself will
slip though the cassette from the top to the bottom, then be pinned in place.
The advantage of the cassette is
that it can be mounted to the transom without
having the rudder down in the water. If the blade is in the water jerking around, it can be difficult
to get the pintles mounted to
hold the system in place.
Detail of the gudgeons on the cassette. Any outboard rudder system which uses pintles and gudgeons
is inherently weak. Be sure your design tries to address the loads which will be placed on the system.
is the area which failed on version 1. The original gudgeons were fastened directly onto
the white plywood piece at the front of the
cassette, without the stainless tangs. They broke immediately.
- The improvements in version 2 are
- the addition of the triangular piece of wood on the front of the cassette
- wrapping the top and bottom of the cassette in fiberglass
- the bent stainless tangs which wrap around the outside and bolted onto
- welding the gudgeons onto the tangs.
The cassette mounted on the existing boarding ladder. In the case of "Trial Run," the cassette is
mounted to the permanent part of the swim ladder, because "it's there." It is generally agreed that
the swim ladder is not strong enough should the emergency system ever really be called into play, so
some diagonal braces will be welded onto the ladder to beef it up.
Well, it is an EMERGENCY rudder! This is a view of the emergency rudder viewed from the bottom of
the "blade." The notch was installed to allow the rudder to fit a storage position on the boat. Notice
that the blade is not terribly refined, and that is ok. There is only so much time you can spend on
something which hopefully you will never use!
The two blue sheets are steering lines, used to turn the
The rudder mounted in the cassette. Here you see the emergency rudder slipped into the cassette
and pinned in place. It is steered using the lines led off to the port and starboard corners of
The steering lines leading forward. Looking up the port side of the boat, you can see the steering
line leading from the rudder to a block on the transom, then forward to a winch. The attachment of the
line to the head of the rudder is too loose, and will not work correctly as it is shown here. A tighter
knot, which will eliminate slippage of the line would be a big improvement.